Yet another happy news of re-habitation. This time from the North American country of Mexico. The Socorro Dove bird, which moved away from its Mexican home 40 years back is now back to the original land. Through the constant efforts of conversationalists and Biologists of Mexico city, the Socorro dove has now made Mexico its home for breeding once again.
Earlier this month, conservation groups and scientists celebrated the return of the Socorro dove (Zenaida graysoni) to Mexico, where it was last seen in its natural habitat in 1972. The Socorro dove is endemic to Socorro Island in the Revillagigedo Archipelago, but introduced mammals drove the bird to extinction by predation and habitat destruction.
The Socorro Dove Project was started in 1987 by Dr. Luis Baptista, and today more than 20 institutions have conservation breeding projects dedicated to its recovery. Groups such as the Frankfurt Zoo, Albuquerque Biological Park, and Africam Safari manage ex-situ, or “off-site” conservation, and breed the doves outside of their natural habitat. The Institute of Ecology (INECOL) and Island Endemics Foundation coordinate in-situ, or “on-site” conservation, and breed the doves in their natural habitat. In 2004, the Mexican Navy and Island Endemics Foundation funded a breeding station on Socorro Island, but in 2005 an outbreak of avian influenza prevented re-introduction of the doves to the wild. In April 2013, ex-situ breeding was extended to Mexico thanks to efforts by Africam Safari.
The scientists and researchers that worked on the Socorro Dove Project are pleased the dove has returned to Mexico, but the ultimate goal is for the dove to return to its native habitat of Socorro Island in the near future.